With President Biden and automakers pledging to increase the number of electric cars on the road, production of new lithium-ion car batteries is ramping up. As an electric car ages, the storage capacity of its battery declines. Some 11 million electric tons of lithium-ion batteries are expected to reach the end of their utility between now and 2030, according to Chemical and Engineering News. There are a few ways to recycle those materials. But a battery that’s too depleted to run a car still has plenty to offer someone living off-grid, Pohl said.